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August 2008 Off the Wire . . .

 

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News Article 02raw

Neurogenesis in the chronic lesions of multiple sclerosis



Ansi Chang1, Maria C. Smith1,2, Xinghua Yin1, Robert J. Fox3, Susan M. Staugaitis1,4 and Bruce D. Trapp1,2

1Department of Neurosciences, Lerner Research Institute, 2Department of Neurosciences, Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine, 3Mellen Center for Multiple Sclerosis and 4Department of Anatomic Pathology, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA

Correspondence to: Bruce D. Trapp, Department of Neurosciences, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue NC30, Cleveland, OH 44195, USA E-mail: trappb@ccf.org

Subcortical white matter in the adult human brain contains a population of interneurons that helps regulate cerebral blood flow. We investigated the fate of these neurons following subcortical white matter demyelination. Immunohistochemistry was used to examine neurons in normal-appearing subcortical white matter and seven acute and 59 chronic demyelinated lesions in brains from nine patients with multiple sclerosis and four controls. Seven acute and 44 of 59 chronic multiple sclerosis lesions had marked neuronal loss. Compared to surrounding normal-appearing white matter, the remaining 15 chronic multiple sclerosis lesions contained a 72% increase in mature interneuron density, increased synaptic densities and cells with phenotypic characteristics of immature neurons. Lesion areas with increased neuron densities contained a morphologically distinct population of activated microglia. Subventricular zones contiguous with demyelinated lesions also contained an increase in cells with phenotypes of neuronal precursors. These results support neurogenesis in a subpopulation of demyelinated subcortical white matter lesions in multiple sclerosis brains.

Key Words: multiple sclerosis; white matter neurons; neurogenesis

Abbreviations: DAB, diaminobenzidine; MAP2, microtubule-associated protein 2; MHC, major histocompatibility complex; nNOS, neuronal nitric oxide synthase; NPY, neuropeptide Y; PLP, proteolipid protein; SVZ, subventricular zone

Received March 18, 2008. Revised June 10, 2008. Accepted June 25, 2008.


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